Ecuador: Civil Unrest – Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA), DREF Operation MDREC020 – Ecuador
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Since mid-June 2022, various social groups and labor associations have maintained a nationwide strike to demand reductions in fuel prices, economic relief for families in debt, fair prices for agricultural products, jobs and labor rights. work, security and protection. Thousands of people rallied across the country, blocking roads and major supply routes.
Although the mobilizations started peacefully in the provinces of Sucumbíos, Cotopaxi, Pastaza and Los Ríos, the situation quickly deteriorated. On June 17, 2022, the Presidency of the Republic issued Executive Decree No. 455 declaring a state of exception1 due to serious internal unrest in the provinces of Cotopaxi, Imbabura and Pichincha and the curfew in the city of Quito .
On June 24, 2022, the Confederation of Nationalities and Indigenous Peoples of the Ecuadorian Coast (CONAICE), the Confederation of Peoples of the Kichwa Nationality of Ecuador (ECUARUNARI), the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Amazon, organizations students, teachers, peasants, transporters, among other civil and social organizations, joined the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), mobilizing with a national strike.
The protests took place in 22 provinces and more than 70 counties with more than 70 concentration points and roadblocks. The presence of demonstrators being more representative in the provinces of Imbabura, Pichincha, Cotopaxi, Bolívar, Tungurahua, Chimborazo, Azuay, Pastaza and Guayas. Moreover, in the case of Sucumbíos, the demonstrators focused their interest on the occupation of the building of the oil station of Limoncocha. As a result of these protests, damage to public and private property and people detained and injured were reported by the media and social networks. According to a rapid assessment of the situation by the Ecuadorian Red Cross, it is estimated that around 52,000 people are affected nationally, corresponding to the protesters, who are most at risk. According to data provided by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), there were 280 people injured, five dead, eight people missing and 158 detained in different parts of the country. According to the reports of the Ministry of Government, about 100 policemen and 25 soldiers were injured in the conflicts.
On June 24, 2022, the riots escalated, causing an increase in the number of injuries. As a result, the Ecuadorian Red Cross (ERC), although already assisting and monitoring the situation, deployed its response operations, mobilizing personnel and resources to assist those affected, thus beginning its activities as a matter of urgency. .
Based on the high demand for assistance that the ERC has provided to the population (Table 1 and Figure 2), the ERC has scaled up its response to continue supporting those affected for the duration of this event.
On June 30, 2022, CONAIE decided to end the strike, as it had held discussions with the national government and agreed to certain actions. A dialogue table has been set up, which will last 90 days to process requests from the public. The alert for new mobilizations is maintained in case of failure of the dialogue.