Hyperlinks – Reservocation http://reservocation.com/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:08:44 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://reservocation.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-30T111851.286-150x150.png Hyperlinks – Reservocation http://reservocation.com/ 32 32 Free Speech Is No Loophole: Responding to the Government’s Inaccurate Defense of Mandatory Payments for Links in Bill C-18 https://reservocation.com/free-speech-is-no-loophole-responding-to-the-governments-inaccurate-defense-of-mandatory-payments-for-links-in-bill-c-18/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:08:44 +0000 https://reservocation.com/free-speech-is-no-loophole-responding-to-the-governments-inaccurate-defense-of-mandatory-payments-for-links-in-bill-c-18/ The Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage began its clause-by-clause review of Bill C-18 on Friday with lengthy questions about the scope of the bill and the opportunity to vote on several amendments. The meeting ultimately provided an opportunity to ask ministry officials for their views on key questions, including whether the government believes services such […]]]>

The Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage began its clause-by-clause review of Bill C-18 on Friday with lengthy questions about the scope of the bill and the opportunity to vote on several amendments. The meeting ultimately provided an opportunity to ask ministry officials for their views on key questions, including whether the government believes services such as Reddit and Twitter are covered by the law (the answer was yes, they are digital information, but perhaps not sufficiently dominant to be required to negotiate mandate payments). The most significant moment of the hearing came towards the end, when Conservative MP Rachael Thomas proposed an amendment to exclude links from the scope of the definition of news content. This approach would still ensure that news publishers are covered for uses of their work such as republication (which is precisely what most envision), but would preserve the basis for the free flow of information on the Internet.

As I have explained elsewhere, the government’s current approach assigns value to links where there is none, regulates which platforms must pay to allow their users to express themselves, and dictates which sources are entitled to a compensation. The committee did not have time to vote on the amendment, but Liberal MP Chris Bittle presented the government’s view that it will vote against the proposal, confirming its intention to include links in the scope of the legislation. This confirmation is not surprising, but it is remarkable, since the bill’s proponents have insisted – despite a plain reading of the bill – that it does not require payment for links. This argument is apparently based on the assertion that payments will involve compensation for all links, rather than individual links, which is a distinction with no real difference.

Although the government had months to prepare a response to the link issue, Bittle’s response was even worse than one might have expected, as the government takes the position that any news sharing requires negotiated payment and that if linking is not included, the entire bill will be “gutted”.

I understand where Ms. Thomas and the Conservatives are coming from, but we are concerned about the huge loopholes this will create. C-18 requires parties to negotiate on all the ways content is made available and restrictions that only harm news outlets. Eliminating hyperlinks risks removing an important way of sharing information. We saw in Spain what happened…the elimination of hyperlinks in their legislation provided tech companies with a giant loophole to drive a truck and just show the news as hyperlinks and avoid payment…This amendment risks to dump the entire bill.

First, Bittle is factually wrong because Spain has not created a specific exemption for links in its legislation. Quite the contrary: Spain demanded payments for the links and Google responded by removing the country’s Google News service. Google restarted the service earlier this year when the law was changed in line with European standards that allow publishers to opt out of link compensation.

Second, the government’s position that all sharing of information requires negotiation for compensation and that excluding links would be a “loophole” represents a dangerous attack on freedom of expression. This blog post shares a link to a news article that Bittle should have read before reading his inaccurate statement of the law in Spain. This form of news sharing is an important part of public discourse and is a grassroots expression. Indeed, linking to sources is often key to countering misinformation, and mandatory payments create unnecessary barriers to Canadians’ ability to learn and be informed.

In fact, saying that excluding links would be a “loophole” is no different than saying that free speech is somehow a loophole. The default of free speech is, naturally enough, the freedom to speak without government regulation. Although this does not mean that everything is allowed – defamation, hate speech, etc. still apply – free speech rights are not a loophole. This is rightly the default in a democratic society where the regulation of speech is the exception and not the rule. The danger with Bill C-18 is that it reverses this principle by taking the position that this form of speech must be included in a regulatory framework and that to do otherwise would “empty” the legislation via a “loophole”. It is no shame for members of government and the news lobbying industry who would so cavalierly undermine the most basic of freedoms in pursuit of political expediency or government-imposed payout.

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Find the TRICARE plan that’s right for you > TRICARE Newsroom > Articles https://reservocation.com/find-the-tricare-plan-thats-right-for-you-tricare-newsroom-articles/ Mon, 14 Nov 2022 13:47:01 +0000 https://reservocation.com/find-the-tricare-plan-thats-right-for-you-tricare-newsroom-articles/ FALLS CHURCH, Virginia – TRICARE Open Season begins today, November 14. For most TRICARE beneficiaries, this is your chance to enroll in a health plan or change health plans for coverage that begins January 1, 2023. You have until Tuesday, December 13 to make these changes. . Does the opening season apply to you? Yes, […]]]>

TRICARE Open Season begins today, November 14. For most TRICARE beneficiaries, this is your chance to enroll in a health plan or change health plans for coverage that begins January 1, 2023. You have until Tuesday, December 13 to make these changes. .

Does the opening season apply to you? Yes, if you are enrolled in or eligible for the following TRICARE health plans:

“Decisions you make during opening season will likely lock in your health plan for next year,” said Dr. Danita Hunter, TRICARE’s chief policy and program officer. “It’s important to remember that this might be your only chance all year to update health plan options for you and your family.”

Open season does not apply to active duty members. This does not apply to TRICARE For Life – coverage is automatic if you have Medicare Part A and Part B. Open season also does not apply to premium-based plans. You can purchase the following packages at any time of the year:

Your open season options

If you are eligible for the open season, you have three options: stay in the same package, subscribe to a package or change the package.

Stay in your plan

If you want to keep your current TRICARE health plan, you do not have to re-enroll. You will continue to benefit from your current health plan until 2023 or as long as you are eligible for it.

Membership or change of regime

Ready to sign up for a health plan? If you choose to modify the registration, use one of the options below:

TRICARE offers a variety of helpful online tools you can use to learn more about your health plan options:

You can learn more about your enrollment options on the TRICARE website. If you have registration problems, contact your TRICARE contractor.

Open season missing

If you miss the open season window, you can only enroll or make changes to the TRICARE Prime and TRICARE Select plans if you have a Qualifying Lifetime Event (QLE). A QLE makes you eligible for a special registration period, as indicated in the TRICARE Eligible Life Events Fact Sheet. Remember that if you are not enrolled in a health plan, you can only receive treatment at military hospitals and clinics if there is space.

Opening season for federal benefits

This is another open season that TRICARE grantees can participate in. The opening season for federal benefits also begins on November 14 and is for dental or vision coverage through the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP). FEDVIP dental and vision plans are separate. This means you cannot qualify for both. To be eligible for FEDVIP vision coverage, you must be enrolled in a TRICARE health plan.

Not sure if you are eligible for FEDVIP? Visit the BENEFEDS website to check your eligibility, sign up for a plan, and more.

Remember that the two open seasons do not end on the same date this year. The opening season for federal benefits ends on Monday, December 12. TRICARE’s opening season ends Tuesday, December 13.

With the season open here, now is the time to make sure you get the TRICARE coverage you or your family needs. If you have questions about TRICARE, you can find many answers on the TRICARE website.

Would you like to receive the latest TRICARE news by email? Visit the TRICARE Subscriptions page today and create your personalized profile to get benefit updates, news and more.

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Publication of the Prospectus Supplement https://reservocation.com/publication-of-the-prospectus-supplement/ Fri, 11 Nov 2022 15:22:01 +0000 https://reservocation.com/publication-of-the-prospectus-supplement/ Shell International Finance BV and Shell plc November 11, 2022 Publication of the Prospectus Supplement The following documents (the “documents“) are available for viewing: Prospectus supplement dated November 11, 2022 Shell plc unaudited consolidated interim financial report as at 30 September 2022 and for the nine months ending 30 September 2022 The Documents should be […]]]>

Shell International Finance BV and Shell plc

November 11, 2022

Publication of the Prospectus Supplement

The following documents (the “documents“) are available for viewing:

Prospectus supplement dated November 11, 2022

Shell plc unaudited consolidated interim financial report as at 30 September 2022 and for the nine months ending 30 September 2022

The Documents should be read in conjunction with the Information Memorandum dated September 26, 2022 relating to the Program. The Information Memorandum constitutes a base prospectus for the purposes of Regulation (EU) 2017/1129 as it forms part of the domestic law of the United Kingdom under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018. Full information about Shell International Finance BV and Shell plc is only available on the basis of the Information Memorandum and the Documents.

To view the Documents, please paste the following URLs into your browser’s address bar.

Shell plc unaudited consolidated interim financial report as at 30 September 2022 and for the nine months ending 30 September 2022

https://www.shell.com/investors/results-and-reporting/quarterly-results/_jcr_content/par/grid/p0/textimage.stream/1666826523879/d8fd13b38ebe4a9aaa90c66b2c958a7860eeae09/q3-2022-qra-document.pdf

Prospectus supplement dated November 11, 2022

Document (shell.com)

Other content available on Shell’s website and content on any other website accessible from hyperlinks on Shell’s website is not incorporated into or made part of this announcement.

The documents will soon be available for consultation at https://data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationlstoragmechanism.

The Information Memorandum is not provided or intended for US persons or persons in the United States. If you are a United States person or viewing this page from the United States, you must exit this section of the Website.

For more information, please contact:

Requests:

Shell Media Relations

International, UK and European press: +44 (0)207 934 5550

Shell Investor Relations

Europe: + 31 (0)70 377 3996

DISCLAIMER – INTENDED RECIPIENTS

Please note that the information contained in the information memorandum may be addressed and/or targeted to persons who reside in particular countries (specified in the information memorandum) only and is not intended for use and should not be invoked by a person outside these countries and/or to whom the offer contained in the Information Memorandum is not addressed. Before relying on any information contained in the Information Memorandum, you should verify from the Information Memorandum whether or not you are one of the intended recipients of the information contained therein.

Your right to access this service is conditional on meeting the above requirement.

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Draft national broadband map to be released Nov. 18, FCC says: Broadband Breakfast https://reservocation.com/draft-national-broadband-map-to-be-released-nov-18-fcc-says-broadband-breakfast/ Thu, 10 Nov 2022 16:11:27 +0000 https://reservocation.com/draft-national-broadband-map-to-be-released-nov-18-fcc-says-broadband-breakfast/ WASHINGTON, October 26, 2022 – The State of Montana could be in breach of its contractual obligations to a private partner if it fully participates in the Federal Communications Commission’s fabric challenge process, Adam Charpentierdata manager for the Montana Department of Administration, said Wednesday. Carpenter, speaking at a Broadband Breakfast Live Online panel, explained that […]]]>

WASHINGTON, October 26, 2022 – The State of Montana could be in breach of its contractual obligations to a private partner if it fully participates in the Federal Communications Commission’s fabric challenge process, Adam Charpentierdata manager for the Montana Department of Administration, said Wednesday.

Carpenter, speaking at a Broadband Breakfast Live Online panel, explained that some of the data Montana needs to meet national broadband fabric challenges is leased to a private partner. Contractual obligations between the state and the partners limit Montana’s ability to share this data with other commercial enterprises, Carpenter said.

However, CostQuest Associates, the FCC vendor that created and owns the initial version of the fabric, may lease FCC-owned data submitted in the dispute process for use in its own commercial products, which means that some data private partners of the States could find themselves in the products of a competitor.

“If… you lease that data to a private entity, you can’t just hand it over to another private entity,” Carpenter said. “And that puts us in a position where we’re not going to challenge the FCC card, we’re going to breach our contract and we’ll be sued, or we’re going to make a deal where we partially challenge the FCC card where it favors us.

Screenshot of Adam Carpenter, Data Manager for the Montana Department of Administration

According to Carpenter, since many other states have leased map data to private partners like Montana has, this legal tension will likely limit the state’s ability to bring fabric challenges and therefore lead to National map data below average.

Fabric type data is the “heart [intellectual property]for state mapping partners, Carpenter told Broadband Breakfast after the panel.

The Fabric is a dataset of all “broadband served locations” in America, and it will be the basis upon which broadband coverage data will be established to create the FCC’s National Broadband Map. Based on this map, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration will allocate $42.5 billion from the Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment Program among states for broadband deployment and other related projects.

The FCC did not respond to Broadband Breakfast’s request for comment.

Panel Criticizes NTIA’s Intention to Spend Big on CostQuest

The panel criticized NTIA’s stated intention to obtain the fabric and related products for an estimated $49.9 million, which would be in addition to the original CostQuest-FCC contract to create the fabric, labeled at $44.9 million.

“I still have no idea what NTIA is buying for $50 million,” said Sascha Meinrathholder of the Palmer Chair in Telecommunications at Penn State University and director of the X-Lab.

“There’s no justification for the $50 million problem,” Carpenter said. “This is clearly a price that is not derived from the value of the product being sold…this is what is generally referred to as scamming.”

The NTIA did not respond to Broadband Breakfast’s request for comment.

Our Broadband Breakfast Live Online events take place on Wednesdays at noon ET. Watch the event on Broadband Breakfast or SIGN UP HERE to join the conversation.

Wednesday, October 26, 2022, 12 p.m. ET – Challenge the Broadband Fabric

Discontent is mounting over the Federal Communications Commission’s use of so-called “broadband fabric” to measure broadband availability on an address-by-address basis. Many fear that the FCC is dismissing or downplaying consumers’ ability to complete speed test challenges for fabric data. Additionally, the private nature of the fabric is a concern for those who say publicly available information is necessary to develop broadband. What are the alternatives to fabric, and how could fabric be challenged with the FCC, NTIA, state broadband offices, or in court?

Speakers:

  • Sascha MeinrathDirector, X-Lab and Palmer Chair in Telecommunications, Penn State University
  • Michel KleemanProfessor, George Mason University
  • Scott D. WoodsVice President for Community Engagement and Strategic Partnerships, Ready.net
  • Adam CharpentierData Manager, Montana Department of Administration
  • Drew Clark (moderator), editor and publisher, Broadband Breakfast

Panelist Resources:

  • NTIA plans to award $50 million contract to CostQuest, but considers competitive sourcing, Broadband Breakfast, October 24, 2022
  • Communities must be specific in Fabric-Challenge submissions, says Mapping Nonprofit, Broadband Breakfast, October 21, 2022
  • After Controversial Mapping Panel, FCC Confirms No Fees for Fabric Access, Broadband Breakfast, October 13, 2022
  • FCC’s Fabric Challenge process is an important part of getting a good card, says agency, Broadband Breakfast, September 8, 2022
  • Montana Mapping Official: Treasury Deadline for ARPA Fund Disbursement Likely Too Soon, Broadband Breakfast, April 13, 2022

Sascha Meinrath is the Palmer Professor of Telecommunications at Penn State University and director of X-Lab, an innovative think tank focused on the intersection of cutting-edge technologies and public policy. Prior to founding the X-Lab, Meinrath was vice president of the New America Foundation, where he founded the Open Technology Institute in 2008 and embedded it into one of the largest public interest technology policy organizations. in Washington, D.C. He also founded the Commotion Wireless Project, which works around the world to empower communities by providing tools to build their own local communications infrastructure, and co-founded Measurement Lab, a global online platform enabling researchers to deploy Internet measurement tools that give the public and key decision makers useful information about broadband connectivity.

Michel Kleeman is a serial CTO and has worked in networks on five continents and deployed fiber optic, long-haul, local, midstream, and even submarine systems, since the mid-1980s. Kleeman has a deep understanding of the economics of networks, both in capital and in operation, in a wide range of local, long distance and international geographies using current and emerging technologies for network transmission and deployment. He is a professor of practice at George Mason University.

Scott D. Woods is the Vice President of Community Engagement and Strategic Partnerships for Ready.net, where he facilitates and develops key public-private partnerships formed through the Broadband.Money platform. It also focuses on providing a platform for local communities to voice their needs for broadband access and digital capital investments, as well as developing industry partnerships and promoting alliances with key stakeholders to advance and support community broadband education and advocacy initiatives.

With a background in software engineering and data analysis, Adam Charpentier discovered machine learning (AI) when it was in its infancy and found his passion. Impressed by the transformative power of AI early on, it quickly became apparent that this was the final step in a long data maturity journey. Adam has since spent a career helping organizations along this journey so they can better use their data to serve their customers. After getting the call to public service, Adam is now facilitating that trip for the state of Montana through that same trip.

Drew Clark (moderator) is CEO of Breakfast Media LLC, editor and publisher of BroadbandBreakfast.com, and a nationally respected telecommunications attorney. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, he led the State Broadband Initiative in Illinois. Now, in light of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021, Attorney Clark is helping fiber and wireless clients secure financing, identify markets, negotiate the infrastructure and to operate within the public right-of-way.

WATCH HERE, or on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

As with all Broadband Breakfast Live Online events, the FREE webcasts will take place Wednesday at 12:00 PM ET.

SUBSCRIBE to the Broadband Breakfast YouTube channel. This way you will be notified when events go live. Watch on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

Check out the full list of upcoming and past Broadband Breakfast Live Online events.

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The URL shortener market is expected to grow at a cgr of https://reservocation.com/the-url-shortener-market-is-expected-to-grow-at-a-cgr-of/ Sat, 05 Nov 2022 13:31:11 +0000 https://reservocation.com/the-url-shortener-market-is-expected-to-grow-at-a-cgr-of/ Pune, Nov. 05, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — URL shorteners are web services that provide shortened hyperlinks to be used instead of the long and complex URL. URL shorteners are useful for providing links that are easy to remember, share, and type. URL shorteners offer a wide range of features such as vanity URLs, password protection, […]]]>

Pune, Nov. 05, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — URL shorteners are web services that provide shortened hyperlinks to be used instead of the long and complex URL. URL shorteners are useful for providing links that are easy to remember, share, and type. URL shorteners offer a wide range of features such as vanity URLs, password protection, and link expiration. According to the report by JC Market Research, the URL shortener market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 19.7% from 2022 to 2031.

The URL shortener market is expected to be driven by the growing need for personalized user experience. Personalized user experiences are associated with increased brand loyalty and customer retention. Additionally, personalized user experiences reduce the overall cost of customer acquisition.

Get Sample Copy of this Report @ https://jcmarketresearch.com/report-details/1538824/sample

Drivers:
The URL shortener market is also expected to be driven by the growing need for mobile-friendly websites. Mobile-friendly websites are responsive websites designed to provide an optimal browsing experience on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. The URL shortener market is also expected to be driven by the growing popularity of social media.

Constraints:
The URL shortener market is expected to be constrained by the privacy and security concerns associated with URL shorteners. URL shorteners are often used to share links to malicious websites that can infect the user’s device with malware. Moreover, URL shorteners are also used to share links to phishing websites.

Buy Now Full Report @ https://jcmarketresearch.com/checkout/1538824

Segmentation:
The URL shortener market is segmented by component, application, organization size, vertical, and region.
By component: The market is segmented into tools and services.
On demand: The market is segmented into branding, marketing and analytics.
By organization size: The market is segmented into small and medium enterprises and large enterprises.
By industry: The market is segmented into BFSI, healthcare, retail & e-commerce, media & entertainment, etc.
By region: The URL shortener market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.

Get Discount @ https://jcmarketresearch.com/report-details/1538824/discount

North America is expected to be the biggest market for URL shorteners. The URL shortener market in North America is expected to be boosted by the growing popularity of social media. One of the most popular URL shortener applications is social media.
The Asia Pacific URL Shortener Market is expected to grow at the Highest CAGR over the forecast period. The URL shortener market in Asia-Pacific is expected to be boosted by the growing adoption of cloud-based solutions.

Key Players in the URL Shortener Market
Google (US), Bitly (US), Rebrandly (US), Ow.ly (US), Polr Project (US), Tiny.cc (US), Short.cm (US), Shorte.st (Romania), BL.ink (US) and Yourls.org (US).

Get Discount @ https://jcmarketresearch.com/report-details/1538824/discount

Segmentation:
The URL shortener market is segmented by component, application, organization size, vertical, and region.

By component:

On demand:

  • Branding
  • Marketing
  • analytic

By organization size:

  • small and medium enterprises
  • large companies

By industry:

  • BFSI
  • Health care
  • retail and e-commerce
  • media and entertainment
  • others

By region:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • South America
  • Middle East and Africa
        
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Broadband labels shouldn’t burden small providers, says Wireless Association: Broadband Breakfast https://reservocation.com/broadband-labels-shouldnt-burden-small-providers-says-wireless-association-broadband-breakfast/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 21:47:48 +0000 https://reservocation.com/broadband-labels-shouldnt-burden-small-providers-says-wireless-association-broadband-breakfast/ WASHINGTON, October 26, 2022 – The State of Montana could be in breach of its contractual obligations to a private partner if it fully participates in the Federal Communications Commission’s fabric challenge process, Adam Charpentierdata manager for the Montana Department of Administration, said Wednesday. Carpenter, speaking at a Broadband Breakfast Live Online panel, explained that […]]]>

WASHINGTON, October 26, 2022 – The State of Montana could be in breach of its contractual obligations to a private partner if it fully participates in the Federal Communications Commission’s fabric challenge process, Adam Charpentierdata manager for the Montana Department of Administration, said Wednesday.

Carpenter, speaking at a Broadband Breakfast Live Online panel, explained that some of the data Montana needs to meet national broadband fabric challenges is leased to a private partner. Contractual obligations between the state and the partners limit Montana’s ability to share this data with other commercial enterprises, Carpenter said.

However, CostQuest Associates, the FCC vendor that created and owns the initial version of the fabric, may lease FCC-owned data submitted in the dispute process for use in its own commercial products, which means that some data private partners of the States could find themselves in the products of a competitor.

“If… you lease that data to a private entity, you can’t just hand it over to another private entity,” Carpenter said. “And that puts us in a position where we’re not going to challenge the FCC card, we’re going to breach our contract and we’ll be sued, or we’re going to make a deal where we partially challenge the FCC card where it favors us.

Screenshot of Adam Carpenter, Data Manager for the Montana Department of Administration

According to Carpenter, since many other states have leased map data to private partners like Montana has, this legal tension will likely limit the state’s ability to bring fabric challenges and therefore lead to National map data below average.

Fabric type data is the “heart [intellectual property]for state mapping partners, Carpenter told Broadband Breakfast after the panel.

The Fabric is a dataset of all “broadband served locations” in America, and it will be the basis upon which broadband coverage data will be established to create the FCC’s National Broadband Map. Based on this map, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration will allocate $42.5 billion from the Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment Program among states for broadband deployment and other related projects.

The FCC did not respond to Broadband Breakfast’s request for comment.

Panel Criticizes NTIA’s Intention to Spend Big on CostQuest

The panel criticized NTIA’s stated intention to obtain the fabric and related products for an estimated $49.9 million, which would be in addition to the original CostQuest-FCC contract to create the fabric, labeled at $44.9 million.

“I still have no idea what NTIA is buying for $50 million,” said Sascha Meinrathholder of the Palmer Chair in Telecommunications at Penn State University and director of the X-Lab.

“There’s no justification for the $50 million problem,” Carpenter said. “This is clearly a price that is not derived from the value of the product being sold…this is what is generally referred to as scamming.”

The NTIA did not respond to Broadband Breakfast’s request for comment.

Our Broadband Breakfast Live Online events take place on Wednesdays at noon ET. Watch the event on Broadband Breakfast or SIGN UP HERE to join the conversation.

Wednesday, October 26, 2022, 12 p.m. ET – Challenge the Broadband Fabric

Discontent is mounting over the Federal Communications Commission’s use of so-called “broadband fabric” to measure broadband availability on an address-by-address basis. Many fear that the FCC is dismissing or downplaying consumers’ ability to complete speed test challenges for fabric data. Additionally, the private nature of the fabric is a concern for those who say publicly available information is necessary to develop broadband. What are the alternatives to fabric, and how could fabric be challenged with the FCC, NTIA, state broadband offices, or in court?

Speakers:

  • Sascha MeinrathDirector, X-Lab and Palmer Chair in Telecommunications, Penn State University
  • Michel KleemanProfessor, George Mason University
  • Scott D. WoodsVice President for Community Engagement and Strategic Partnerships, Ready.net
  • Adam CharpentierData Manager, Montana Department of Administration
  • Drew Clark (moderator), editor and publisher, Broadband Breakfast

Panelist Resources:

  • NTIA plans to award $50 million contract to CostQuest, but considers competitive sourcing, Broadband Breakfast, October 24, 2022
  • Communities must be specific in Fabric-Challenge submissions, says Mapping Nonprofit, Broadband Breakfast, October 21, 2022
  • After Controversial Mapping Panel, FCC Confirms No Fees for Fabric Access, Broadband Breakfast, October 13, 2022
  • FCC’s Fabric Challenge process is an important part of getting a good card, says agency, Broadband Breakfast, September 8, 2022
  • Montana Mapping Official: Treasury Deadline for ARPA Fund Disbursement Likely Too Soon, Broadband Breakfast, April 13, 2022

Sascha Meinrath is the Palmer Professor of Telecommunications at Penn State University and director of X-Lab, an innovative think tank focused on the intersection of cutting-edge technologies and public policy. Prior to founding the X-Lab, Meinrath was vice president of the New America Foundation, where he founded the Open Technology Institute in 2008 and embedded it into one of the largest public interest technology policy organizations. in Washington, D.C. He also founded the Commotion Wireless Project, which works around the world to empower communities by providing tools to build their own local communications infrastructure, and co-founded Measurement Lab, a global online platform enabling researchers to deploy Internet measurement tools that give the public and key decision makers useful information about broadband connectivity.

Michel Kleeman is a serial CTO and has worked in networks on five continents and deployed fiber optic systems, long haul, local, intermediate and even submarine, since the mid-1980s. Kleeman has a deep understanding of the economics of networks, both in capital and in operation, in a wide range of local, long distance and international geographies using current and emerging technologies for network transmission and deployment. He is a professor of practice at George Mason University.

Scott D. Woods is the Vice President of Community Engagement and Strategic Partnerships for Ready.net, where he facilitates and develops key public-private partnerships formed through the Broadband.Money platform. It also focuses on providing a platform for local communities to voice their needs for broadband access and digital capital investments, as well as developing industry partnerships and promoting alliances with key stakeholders to advance and support community broadband education and advocacy initiatives.

With a background in software engineering and data analysis, Adam Charpentier discovered machine learning (AI) when it was in its infancy and found his passion. Impressed by the transformative power of AI early on, it quickly became apparent that this was the final step in a long data maturity journey. Adam has since spent a career helping organizations along this journey so they can better use their data to serve their customers. After getting the call to public service, Adam is now facilitating that trip for the state of Montana through that same trip.

Drew Clark (moderator) is CEO of Breakfast Media LLC, editor and publisher of BroadbandBreakfast.com, and a nationally respected telecommunications attorney. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, he led the State Broadband Initiative in Illinois. Now, in light of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021, Attorney Clark is helping fiber and wireless clients secure financing, identify markets, negotiate the infrastructure and to operate within the public right-of-way.

WATCH HERE, or on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

As with all Broadband Breakfast Live Online events, the FREE webcasts will take place Wednesday at 12:00 PM ET.

SUBSCRIBE to the Broadband Breakfast YouTube channel. This way you will be notified when events go live. Watch on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

Check out the full list of upcoming and past Broadband Breakfast Live Online events.

]]>
How to Fortify Elections and Election Campaigns Against Human Hacking https://reservocation.com/how-to-fortify-elections-and-election-campaigns-against-human-hacking/ Mon, 31 Oct 2022 05:00:53 +0000 https://reservocation.com/how-to-fortify-elections-and-election-campaigns-against-human-hacking/ In this interview for Help Net Security, James Turgal, Vice President of Cyber ​​Risk, Strategy and Board Relations at Optiv, talks about election cybersecurity and how to secure elections and campaigns. elections. Mid-terms are approaching and electoral cybersecurity is once again in the spotlight. What makes him so vulnerable? After the results of the last […]]]>

In this interview for Help Net Security, James Turgal, Vice President of Cyber ​​Risk, Strategy and Board Relations at Optiv, talks about election cybersecurity and how to secure elections and campaigns. elections.

Mid-terms are approaching and electoral cybersecurity is once again in the spotlight. What makes him so vulnerable?

After the results of the last presidential election were nearly overshadowed by so-called Holocaust deniers and those who continue to expose vote fraud, all eyes are on the midterm elections in November. Social media platforms are awash with manipulated information, and threat actors are getting good at creating narratives with a few simple searches mixed with deception and social engineering techniques.

Threat actors aim to create “fake news” to manipulate communications and those who devour them. Nation states and dedicated proxy groups target not only electoral systems and infrastructure, but also electoral volunteers and people who might not recognize a cyberattack during their work. After all, people are the weakest link when it comes to these social engineering techniques and other hacking attempts.

Are people the weak link in campaigns and why?

As with many cybersecurity breaches, unfortunately, people are the weakest link in the electoral system. Tens of thousands of volunteers answering phones and emails, making banners, canvassing, etc. compromise the system.

All it takes is one person within an organization (especially campaigns) to click on the wrong link in an email and allow hackers to enter the system, thereby compromising treasure troves of information and data, such as credit card numbers from donations and personal information. These volunteers and employees have varying degrees of cyber acumen, knowledge and experience, making them a prime target for nation states and proxy groups to hit with social engineering tactics.

What should campaign and election officials keep in mind and watch out for?

The hacking attempts that nation-state threat actors will deploy have become much more sophisticated and harder to spot. Gone are the days when phishing and social engineering messages contained misspelled words, poor grammar, and obvious clues that they were fake. These days, phishing attempts might closely resemble an organization the campaign might be working with, such as a vendor or local association. They may also refer to current events to sound more legitimate, or convey a sense of urgency in their messages, such as stating a deadline, so victims act quickly before being vigilant about verifying the source.

Additionally, we have observed consistent patterns of attacks that not only target these candidates and campaign staff, but also political and legislative experts who can consult on key issues and topics. Therefore, detection and vigilance are essential on the part of all staff and partner organisations.

Is there anything specific that campaign and election officials can do to ensure campaigns are safe?

Election officials and campaigns should be especially vigilant to detect social engineering hacks. All staff should participate in social engineering training that includes information on all forms of attack vectors, including in-person, telephone, and electronic attempts. Volunteers should also be trained to exercise caution when providing information online and to outside entities – including on social media posts – as threat actors will aggregate this information to create hacks. more personal social engineering.

Finally, campaigns should prioritize hiring cyber experts, create cyber-focused defense and resilience plans, and secure volunteer cyber warriors who understand threat actors, their tactics, and their skills. techniques, and can then detect anomalies in emails, text messages, phone calls or other interactions. Just as experts are hired to consult on legislative, policy and foreign issues, cybercrime is now big business, so organizations need expertise in this area to proactively defend themselves.

How are cybercriminals evolving in this area?

While cybercriminals have become more sophisticated in how they position attacks to make them more convincing, they haven’t changed much in their techniques because they still work. Simple phishing attempts such as sending the wrong hyperlinks and emails still give hackers access to sensitive information in companies’ databases, so until they no longer earn money with these types of attacks, we expect to see more of the same. Therefore, businesses should implement basic cyber hygiene practices – even simple tasks like using a 12-character password or verifying email addresses after receiving suspicious emails can prevent hackers from entering systems.

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Economic and financial developments in the euro area by institutional sector: second quarter 2022 https://reservocation.com/economic-and-financial-developments-in-the-euro-area-by-institutional-sector-second-quarter-2022/ Fri, 28 Oct 2022 09:01:29 +0000 https://reservocation.com/economic-and-financial-developments-in-the-euro-area-by-institutional-sector-second-quarter-2022/ October 28, 2022 Since October 2022, the quarterly financial accounts published by the European Central Bank provide a more detailed breakdown of other financial institutions (OFIs) Euro area net saving fell to €733 billion over four quarters to the second quarter of 2022, from €790 billion a quarter earlier The household debt-to-income ratio fell to […]]]>

October 28, 2022

  • Since October 2022, the quarterly financial accounts published by the European Central Bank provide a more detailed breakdown of other financial institutions (OFIs)
  • Euro area net saving fell to €733 billion over four quarters to the second quarter of 2022, from €790 billion a quarter earlier
  • The household debt-to-income ratio fell to 95.3% in the second quarter of 2022 from 95.9% a year earlier
  • The debt-to-GDP ratio of non-financial corporations (consolidated measure) fell to 77.3% in the second quarter of 2022, from 79.8% a year earlier

Financial accounts of other financial institutions by subsector

Since October 2022, the quarterly financial accounts published by the European Central Bank provide a more detailed breakdown of other financial institutions (OIF), which, after monetary financial institutions (MFIs – ​​ie banks and money market funds), constitutes the second largest financial sector in the euro area. The new breakdown distinguishes other financial intermediaries, financial auxiliaries, captive financial institutions and lenders. For more details, see: Other Financial Institutions Explained.

Total euro area economy

Euro area net savings fell to €733 billion (7.2% of euro area net disposable income) in the four quarters to Q2 2022, from €790 billion a quarter earlier. Euro area net non-financial investment fell to €556 billion (5.4% of net disposable income), due to lower investment by non-financial corporations that do not was only partially offset by an increase in household investment, while net investment by financial corporations and general government remained broadly unchanged (see Chart 2).

The euro area’s net lending capacity to the rest of the world fell to €207 billion (vs. €250 billion in the previous quarter), as net savings fell more than non-financial investment . Household financing capacity fell to 370 billion euros (3.6% of net disposable income, after 4.8%). The financing capacity of non-financial corporations fell to 120 billion euros (1.2% of net disposable income, after 1.8%), while that of financial corporations remained broadly unchanged at 91 billion euros ( 0.9% of net disposable income). The fall in the financing capacity of the private sector as a whole was partially offset by a fall in the general government borrowing requirement (-3.6% of net disposable income, after -5.0%).

Figure 2. Euro area savings, investment and financing capacity to the rest of the world

(billions of euros, amounts over four quarters)

Sources: ECB and Eurostat.

* Net saving minus net capital transfers to the rest of the world (equals change in net worth due to transactions).

Households

Household financial investment increased at an annual growth rate of 2.7% in the second quarter of 2022, compared to 3.0% in the previous quarter. This deceleration is mainly due to the decline in the growth rates of investments in cash and deposits (3.8%, after 4.2%) and in shares and other equity (2.3%, after 2.8%), while life insurance and pensions grew at a broadly unchanged pace. (1.8%) (see Table 1 below).

Households are overall net buyers of listed shares. By issuing sector, they were net buyers of listed shares issued by the resident and rest of the world sectors (ie shares issued by non-residents of the euro zone). In net terms, households continued to sell debt securities issued by MFIs, other financial institutions and the rest of the world, while buying debt securities issued by general government, insurance companies and non-financial corporations (see table 2.2. in the appendix) .

The household debt-to-income ratio[1] fell from 95.9% in the second quarter of 2021 to 95.3% in the second quarter of 2022. The ratio of household debt to GDP fell from 60.9% in the second quarter of 2021 to 58.7% in the second quarter of 2022 (see graph 3).

Table 1. Financial investments and household financing, main items

(annual growth rates)

Financial operations

2021 Q2

2021 Q3

2021 Q4

2022 Q1

2022 Q2

Financial investment*

4.2

3.9

3.4

3.0

2.7

Currency and deposits

6.7

6.2

5.0

4.2

3.8

Debt securities

-9.2

-10.0

-8.4

-6.8

-0.5

Shares and other equity

3.3

3.5

3.8

2.8

2.3

Life insurance and pension plans

2.2

2.2

2.1

1.9

1.8

Funding**

3.5

3.7

4.0

4.6

5.4

Loans

4.0

4.0

4.1

4.2

4.4

Source: ECB.

* Items not shown include: loans granted, advances on insurance premiums and provisions for claims payable and other receivables.

** Items not presented include: net financial derivative liabilities, pension plans and other accounts payable.

Data on financial investments and household financing (Table 1)

Chart 3. Debt ratio of households and non-financial corporations

Source: ECB and Eurostat.

* Outstanding loans, debt securities, trade credits and pension plan liabilities.
** Outstanding loans and debt securities, excluding debt positions between non-financial corporations.
*** Outstanding debt-related liabilities.

Non-financial corporations

In the second quarter of 2022, annual growth in financing of non-financial corporations increased to 3.2%, from 3.0% in the previous quarter, reflecting an acceleration in debt and trade credit financing, while the issuance of debt securities debt has slowed down (see table 2 below).

The acceleration in loan funding was due to higher growth rates in loans from MFIs and the rest of the world, which more than offset a deceleration in loans from other financial institutions, insurance companies and pension funds , general government and through inter-company loans (see table 3.2 in the appendix).

The debt ratio of non-financial corporations to GDP (consolidated measure) decreased to 77.3% in the second quarter of 2022, from 79.8% in the second quarter of 2021; the broader measure of unconsolidated debt fell to 139.9% from 142.5% (see Chart 3).

Table 2. Financing and financial investments of non-financial corporations, main items (annual growth rates)

Financial operations

2021 Q2

2021 Q3

2021 Q4

2022 Q1

2022 Q2

Funding*

2.3

2.3

3.0

3.0

3.2

Debt securities

2.3

2.0

5.6

5.8

4.9

Loans

2.8

3.6

4.4

4.6

5.3

Shares and other equity

1.6

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

Trade credits and advances

4.7

6.7

10.9

11.0

11.7

Financial investment**

4.2

4.2

4.9

4.8

4.7

Currency and deposits

8.1

7.0

9.6

8.8

8.2

Debt securities

2.6

-0.2

-5.2

-1.4

4.2

Loans

5.8

6.9

7.2

7.3

6.6

Shares and other equity

1.9

1.3

1.7

2.0

2.3

Source: ECB.

* Items not presented include: pension plans, other accounts payable, liabilities net of financial derivatives and deposits.

** Items not presented include: other accounts receivable and advance payments on insurance premiums and provisions for claims payable.

For any questions, please use the Request for statistical information form.

Remarks

  • These data come from a second release of the quarterly euro area sector accounts from the European Central Bank (ECB) and Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. This release incorporates revisions and supplemented data for all sectors compared to the first quarterly publication on “euro area households and non-financial corporations” of 5 October 2022.
  • Debt-to-GDP (or debt-to-income) ratios are calculated as the stock of debt in the reference quarter divided by the sum of GDP (or income) for the four quarters up to the reference quarter. The ratio of non-financial transactions (eg, savings) as a percentage of income or GDP is calculated as the sum of the four quarters relative to the reference quarter for the numerator and denominator.
  • The annual growth rate of non-financial transactions and the stock of assets and liabilities (stocks) is calculated as the percentage change between the value of a given quarter and that recorded four quarters earlier. The annual growth rates used for financial transactions refer to the total value of transactions during the year compared to the outstanding amount of the previous year.
  • Hyperlinks in the main body of the statistical release lead to data that may change with subsequent releases as a result of revisions. The figures presented in the tables in the appendix are a snapshot of the data at the time of current publication.
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Watching TV may increase risk of dementia in older people, study finds https://reservocation.com/watching-tv-may-increase-risk-of-dementia-in-older-people-study-finds/ Tue, 25 Oct 2022 12:29:00 +0000 https://reservocation.com/watching-tv-may-increase-risk-of-dementia-in-older-people-study-finds/ Comment this story Comment How older people spend their sedentary time — what they do while sitting — makes a difference in their chances of developing dementia, according to research published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It found that those whose sitting time was primarily spent watching television had a […]]]>

Comment

How older people spend their sedentary time — what they do while sitting — makes a difference in their chances of developing dementia, according to research published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

It found that those whose sitting time was primarily spent watching television had a 24% increased risk of dementia, while those who spent that time on a computer had a 15% reduced risk of dementia. The researchers explained that watching TV is cognitively passive, meaning little thinking is required, while computer use is cognitively active, meaning it (like reading) is more intellectually stimulating. .

For both groups of study participants, their odds of developing sitting-related dementia persisted, regardless of their physical activity at other times of the day. Previous studies have shown physical exercise to be beneficial in reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia.

Hearing loss is a major risk factor for dementia. Hearing aids can help.

Dementia, which is not considered a normal part of aging, is an umbrella term used to describe a collection of symptoms — memory loss, confusion, language and reasoning problems, and behavioral changes — that progress with age. time and affect a person’s daily life and activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Today, about 6 million people in the United States have Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias – most over the age of 65 and more women than men – and that number is expected to rise to 14. million by 2060, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The new research involved 146,651 adults aged 60 and over who did not have dementia at the start of the study. After a follow-up of about a dozen years, 3,507 participants had been diagnosed with dementia.

As the researchers concluded, “reducing passive cognitive ability [sedentary behaviors] such as watching television and increasing cognitive activity [ones] as computer use, even in small amounts, can have a significant impact on the risk of dementia in individuals, regardless of their engagement in physical activity.

This article is part of the Post’s “Big Number” series, which briefly examines the statistical side of health problems. Additional information and relevant research is available via the hyperlinks.

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Can your TRICARE coverage work with other health insurance? > TRICARE Newsroom > Articles https://reservocation.com/can-your-tricare-coverage-work-with-other-health-insurance-tricare-newsroom-articles/ Wed, 19 Oct 2022 17:30:36 +0000 https://reservocation.com/can-your-tricare-coverage-work-with-other-health-insurance-tricare-newsroom-articles/ FALLS CHURCH, Virginia – Are you a beneficiary of TRICARE? Do you have other health care coverage in addition to your TRICARE plan? You may have employer-sponsored coverage or government health care plans. Or maybe you purchased additional coverage from private providers. Students may have health care coverage through their school. These supplemental plans are […]]]>

Are you a beneficiary of TRICARE? Do you have other health care coverage in addition to your TRICARE plan? You may have employer-sponsored coverage or government health care plans. Or maybe you purchased additional coverage from private providers. Students may have health care coverage through their school. These supplemental plans are known as Other Health Insurance (OHI). If you have OHI, it’s important to know how you can use it with TRICARE.

“TRICARE beneficiaries with other health insurance should learn how it works in tandem with your TRICARE benefits,” said Shane Pham, TRICARE policy and program analyst at the Defense Health Agency. “Using your OHI and TRICARE correctly could save you time and money.”

Here are several facts about IHO that you need to know.

Why is it important to declare your OHI

If you add, remove or modify OHI, you must notify TRICARE and all designated suppliers to avoid future claim issues. Notifying TRICARE and your supplier of any IHO updates prior to any scheduled appointment will help process your claims faster. This will also reduce the possibility of subsequent refusals. The more information you provide about your IHO, the more accurate and quick the response to your request will be.

Also be sure to follow your IHO rules. If your IHO does not pay your claim because you did not follow its rules, TRICARE may not pay your claim. If TRICARE receives your request before your IHO processes it, TRICARE will refuse it.

How to declare your IHO

You can declare your IHO using one of the options below:

Remember to keep your IHO information up to date. This will help you get the most out of your edge.

How changes in your IHO could affect your registration

Winning or losing OHI counts as a Qualifying Life Event (QLE). A QLE allows you to register for TRICARE Prime or TRICARE Select outside of TRICARE Open Season. This does not apply to you if you are an Active Duty Service Member (ADSM) or have TRICARE For Life. Keep in mind that you have 90 days after losing or winning OHI to change your TRICARE health plan.

Which plan pays first

TRICARE and your IHO work together to coordinate your benefits for payment. By law, TRICARE pays after your OHI. If you have health coverage through an employer, private insurer, or school, your OHI is still your primary insurance. It pays all claims before TRICARE. If TRICARE receives your request before your IHO processes it, TRICARE will refuse it. The only exceptions to this rule are if you have:

  • Medical help
  • TRICARE Supplements
  • State compensation programs for victims of crime
  • Other federal government programs identified by the Defense Health Agency

Additionally, if you have exhausted your OHI benefits, TRICARE becomes the primary payer. In this case, you may need additional recommendations or prior authorization. And a TRICARE Authorized Provider, in-grid or out-of-grid, must be the one providing the services. ADSMs cannot use OHI as primary insurance. If you are on active duty, TRICARE is your only coverage.

IHO and Medicare

TRICARE pays after Medicare and your OHI for services covered by TRICARE. As noted in the TRICARE Handbook for Life, how Medicare coordinates with OHI depends on whether you have OHI based on your current job. But either way, TRICARE pays last. Visit the Medicare website for more information on how Medicare works with other insurance.

IHO with Pharmacy Benefits

When you have OHI with Pharmacy Benefits, your OHI pays first and TRICARE pays second. You can avoid higher costs by having your prescriptions filled at a pharmacy in the TRICARE retail network that is also part of your OHI network.

OHI and single ex-spouses

As a single ex-spouse, you may lose your eligibility for TRICARE if you enroll in and are covered by an employer-sponsored health insurance plan.

To learn more about TRICARE and IHO, see the information on the TRICARE website. You can also contact your TRICARE contractor if you have any questions.

Would you like to receive the latest TRICARE news by email? Visit the TRICARE Subscriptions page today and create your personalized profile to get benefit updates, news and more.

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